web stats
y o g a x t c
the YOGA SUTRA, an app for the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch Watch DEMO on YouTube YOGA SUTRA app, flashcard app for the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch Yoga XTC Facebook
yoga sanskrit words beginning with a yoga sanskrit words beginning with b yoga sanskrit words beginning with c yoga sanskrit words beginning with d yoga sanskrit words beginning with e yoga sanskrit words beginning with g yoga sanskrit words beginning with h yoga sanskrit words beginning with i yoga sanskrit words beginning with j yoga sanskrit words beginning with k yoga sanskrit words beginning with m yoga sanskrit words beginning with n yoga sanskrit words beginning with p yoga sanskrit words beginning with r yoga sanskrit words beginning with s yoga sanskrit words beginning with t yoga sanskrit words beginning with u yoga sanskrit words beginning with v yoga sanskrit words beginning with y

asanas beginning with a
abhinivesha: fear of death; self preservation; one of the kleshas
abhyasa: [mn] practice (that leads to calming the vrittis)
acharya: generally refers to a teacher, specifically a spiritual preceptor; cf. guru
advaita: non-dual; advaita vedanta is the philosophy that states that there is only One Absolute Reality
agni: the fire element that which transforms digestive faculty the name of the god of fire
ahamkara: the ego principle
ahara: food, see pratyahara
ahimsa: non-violence; one of the yamas
ajna: command; ajna chakra is the center between the eyebrows, the "third eye"
akasha: the element of space; ether
amrita: imperishable; nectar of immortality
ananda: the bliss that surpasses all understanding
anga: limb; a division, or part of a while; also see, ashtanga yoga
angustha: thumb, big toe
anima: the power to become small as an atom
apana: the downward-moving prana
aparigraha: non-greed, non-possessiveness; one of the yamas
aranyaka: a category of philosophical writings composed and employed by forest dwellers
arjuna: lit. white, clear, bright, pure; son of Kunti, the third of the five Pandava brothers; disciple of Krishna
artha: lit. white, clear, bright, pure; son of Kunti, the third of the five Pandava brothers; disciple of Krishna
ashram: hermitage, abode of anchorites; place of spiritual practice; stage or period of life (student, householder, forest dweller, renunciate)
asana: lit. seat; the meditative posture; all the physical yoga postures
ashtanga yoga: 8 limbs of yoga, as codified by Maharishi Patanjali
asteya: non-stealing, one of the yamas
asmita: I-am-ness; ego-principle; similar to ahamkara; one of the kleshas
atman: the Self; the soul; the eternal within
avidya: ignorance (on an individual level); one of the kleshas
ayurveda: lit. the science of life; yoga's sister science that is concerned with healing as defined as bringing quality back to life & promoting healthful longevity.

[ back to the top ]

asanas beginning with b
baddha padmasana: bound lotus posture
balasana: child's posture
bharadvajasana: posture of sage Bharadvaja
bhuja pidasana: arm pressure posture
bhujangasana: cobra posture
bandha: lock, in reference to hatha yoga techniques which involve hand gestures, postures and breathing techniques bondage, in reference to karma
bhagavad gita: lit. song of God; considered a Yoga Shastra - an important text on yoga, part of the Mahabharata epic, where Bhagavan Krishna imparts the knowledge of yoga to Arjuna.
bhakta: devotee of God;
bhakti: devotion to God; divine love.
bhakti yoga: Bhakti Yoga is the path of divine ecstasy through devotion, love and total surrender to God. Usually associated with kirtan, but encompasses the more complex systems of puja as well.
brahma: the divine force of Creation; creator in the Hindu trinity
brahmacharya: lit. to walk in Brahman. Moderation of the senses; often explained as celibacy but it is much more - it is systematic practice that leads one to the realization of Brahman; one of the yamas
brahman: the supreme Reality; the highest Truth within & without; the Absolute; the Eternal; the All-Pervading
bhastrika: lit. bellows; a pranayama technique involving forceful inhalations and forceful exhalations, moving the lungs powerfully like bellows
buddhi: intellect; seat of wisdom

[ back to the top ]

asanas beginning with c
chakorasana: greek patridge pose
chakra: lit. wheel. The point where more than 3 nadis converge, creating centers of consciousness; seven main chakras from lowest to highest are muladhara, svadhisthana, manipura, anahata, vishuddi, ajna & sahasrara
chitta: in yoga philosophy, it refers to the entirety of the mind; the inner instrument that discerns, experiences, analyzes, feels, perceives, and stores all the thoughts and experiences in vedanta philosophy, it refers to the part of the mind that stores all experiences as memories

asanas beginning with d
dandasana: staff posture
dandasana utplutih:
darshana: lit. glimpse, vision (usu. of a sage) revelation; philosophy, as in, yoga darshana, ie. yoga philosophy
dharana: lit. holding; concentration; focusing the mind on one single object or direction
dharma: righteousness; duty; virtue; the eternal law(s) of nature
dhi: the third stage of revelation; the ability of the mind to retrieve its stored knowledge
dhyana: meditation; advanced state of concentration when the mind flows ceaselessly in one direction / towards one object without interruption; state of supreme one-pointedness
diksha: spiritual initiation
dosha: defect, blemish
drishta: lit. seen; drishti is a point of focus and gazing
dvesha: aversion; one of the kleshas
dvi pada viparita dandasana

[ back to the top ]

asanas beginning with e
eka pada raja kapotasana: one foot royal pigeon posture
eka pada sirshasana: one foot headstand

gayatri mantra: one of the most sacred and famous Vedic mantras; the mother of the Vedas Gayatri is a meter of 24 syllables
gomukhasana: cow face posture
goraksasana: cowherd posture
granthi: knot; there are 3 major granthis known as Brahma, Vishnu & Rudra
guna: lit. rope; "the intrinsic nature of Prakriti"; the three gunas are sattva, rajas & tamas
gupta padmasana: hidden lotus posture
guru: spiritual teacher; spiritual preceptor; one who dispels the darkness of ignorance

[ back to the top ]

asanas beginning with h
halasana: plough posture
hanumanasana: posture of hanuman splits
hatha yoga: the school of yoga that is focused on balancing the opposing energies of ha & tha, solar & lunar, masculine & feminine, prana & apana, etc. through a systematic practice of cleansing practices (shat kriya), asana, pranayama, mudra, bandha & meditation. Prominent texts include Hatha Yoga Pradipika, and Gheranda Samhita The first 4 limbs of Ashtanga Yoga is known collectively as hatha yoga Erroneously known today as the generic term for yoga asana. Yoga asana is part of Hatha Yoga, but by no means the only part. Hatha Yoga is in fact, part of Tantra Yoga, and traditionally a path for renunciates.

asanas beginning with i
ida: one of the 3 major nadis; terminates in the left nostril & affects the right hemisphere of the brain.
ishvara: one who can do what (S)he wants to, not do what (S)he does not want to, and undo everything that has been done; supreme Reality God the Absolute principle in the Yoga Sutra
ishvara Pranidhana: surrender to Ishvara; one of the yamas

asanas beginning with j
janu sirshasana: head to knee posture
japa: lit. muttering; the practice of mantra repetition
jnana: knowledge; jnana yoga is the yoga of knowledge & inquiry

[ back to the top ]

asanas beginning with k
kaivalya: the goal of yoga, which is utter liberation, unfettered freedom
kali yuga: the present age that we are living in right now, also the last of the 4 yugas, which is a time of darkness, imbalance & chaos
kama: desire
kapalabhati: lit. skull shining; a pranayama technique involving forceful exhalations & passive inhalations, the correct practice of which leads to a shiny, happy skull that radiates into a happy face
karma: lit. action. Karma is neither positive nor negative, it is simply neutral; karma refers to action as well as the fruit of action; karma is the ineffable, inevitable law of cause & effect; "as you sow, so shall you reap" the 3 categories of karma are: sanchitta, prarabdha & kriyamana karma yoga is the yoga of action, and selfless service
kashyapasana: posture of Kashyapa
klesha: affliction: avidya, asmita, raga, dvesha & abhinivesha
kosha: lit. sheath, covering. Refers to the 5 layers that veil the true Self - annamaya kosha, pranamaya kosha, manomaya kosha, vijnanamaya kosha, & anandamaya kosha
krauncasana: heron or curlew posture
kriya yoga: lit. the yoga of technique; the practice of yoga in the Yoga Sutra, it refers to the collective and complimentary practices of tapas, svadhyaya & ishvara pranidhana; the yoga of purification, refinement & surrender, the approach that integrates karma, jnana & bhakti or "hand, head & heart" it also refers to a powerful yoga technique first made famous in the West by Paramahansa Yogananda
krodha: anger
kukkutasana: rooster posture
kundalini shakti: lit. serpent power, coiled up energy; dormant power / energy that resides in the base of the spine in the muladhara chakra, the vital spiritual energy that yogic practices are designed to awaken; often depicted as a snake
kurmasana: tortoise posture

[ back to the top ]

asanas beginning with m
madhyama: lit. "that which is intermediate" the state of sound that is neither transcendent nor fully manifest & audible; sound at the level of lucid thoughts ready to be articulated
mala: lit. garland, necklace A japa mala is a string of beads, similar to a rosary, usually numbering 108 beads, used to count the number of repetitions during the practice of mantra japa. Different beads are used for different mantras. Rudraksha seeds are generally suitable for any mantra sadhana a pushpa mala is a garland of flowers a varna or aksha mala is a garland of Sanskrit letters
malasana: garland posture
manas: lower mind; the importer of all sensory perceptions from the external world
mantra: lit. that which protects when repeated a sacred syllable or series of syllables, usually in Sanskrit, that was revealed to the rishis in deep meditation, and capable of leading the one who uses it as an object of meditation, to that original state of deep meditation in which the mantra was revealed; Initiation is usually required prior to the practice of mantra meditation not an affirmation
marichyasana A
marichyasana C: posture of Marici (one of the seven sages)
marichyasana sthiti
maya: cosmic illusion; avidya on a universal scale; that because of which we perceive ourselves as limited
meru: spine, Mount Kailash, 109th bead of the mala
moha: delusion
moksha: liberation; nirvana; kaivalya
mudra: yogic & tantric gestures usually involving the hands, sometimes the whole body
mulabandhasana: root lock posture

[ back to the top ]

nada: eternal sound
nadi: pranic pathways; energy channels through which prana passes; some scriptures mention 72,000 nadis, others 350,000, of which the ida, pingala & sushumna nadis are the most important
namaste: to bow to, to adore, to salute reverently, to pay homage to, to worship; hello!; goodbye!; thank you
nidra: sleep
niralamba sarvangasana 2: unsupported shoulderstand
nirguna: without attributes
niyama: observances; the 5 ethical codes of the Yoga Sutra aimed at establishing harmony within an individual: shaucha, santosha, tapas, svadhyaya & Ishvara pranidhana 10 niyamas are mentioned in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika: hri, santosha, dana, astikya, ishvara pujana, siddhanta shravana, mati, vrata, japa & tapas

[ back to the top ]

asanas beginning with p
padma danda namaskara
padmasana: lotus posture
padangusthasana: big toe posture
parighasana: gate posture
paripurna navasana: full boat posture
parivritta prasarita padottanasana: revolved wide legged forward bend
parivritta urdhva yogadandasana: revolved upward yoga staff pose
paschimottanasana: seated forward bend
pashasana: noose posture
pashyanti: lit. "one who sees" the subtlest state of sound; transcendental state of sound beyond language, which is the source of all language.
patanjali: the great sage that codified the Yoga Sutra
pincha mayurasana: feather of the peacock posture
pingala: one of the 3 major nadis; terminates in the right nostril & affects the left hemisphere of the brain.
prabhu: Lord
prakriti: nature; natural state of perfect balance of the gunas
prana: life-force; that which animates & nourishes us at all levels; the force which keeps us alive
pranayama: a system of yogic techniques involving the gross manipulation of the breath to control and expand pranic energy & the body's ability to assimilate prana
pratyahara: withdrawal of the senses from their external objects; a usually forgotten limb of yoga, seldom given more than a cursory mention but without which the higher rungs of yoga would not be possible
prajna: the first stage of revelation; divine knowledge; revealed complete knowledge; unadulterated knowledge flowing continuously
pratibha: the second stage of revelation; intuitive flash, as opposed to an unbroken flow of knowledge
puraka: inhalation
purusha: consciousness; individual soul

[ back to the top ]

asanas beginning with r
raga: passion, attachment; addiction; one of the kleshas
raja yoga: royal path; the path of meditation; Patanjali's Ashtanga Yoga
rajas: the essence of activity; one of the three gunas
rechaka: exhalation
rishi: seer; a Self-realized sage
ruchikasana: posture of Ruchika

sadhana: spiritual practice sadhaka, one who engages in spiritual practices
salamba sarvangasana 2
samakonasana: equal or balanced angle posture
samakona prishtanjali
samadhi: the peaceful, supremely balanced state of mind; mind without vritti; utter spiritual absorption; all consuming focus; state of being established in one's true nature; state when the individual consciousness merges with the supreme consciousness
samskara: subtle impressions of the past; all experiences stored as memories in the mind, whether conscious or unconscious, of this lifetime or past lifetimes
samyama: the combined states of dharana, dhyana & samadhi; it is through the practice of samyama that siddhis are attained.
santosha: contentment; one of the niyamas
sarvangasana: lit. all limbs posture; shoulderstand
sat: being; truth, light satsanga is being in the company of the wise
satya: truthfulness; one of the yamas
sattva: the essence of illumination; one of the three gunas
shakti: the power to be & the power to become; the power of consciousness; spiritual power the Divine Mother; pulsation of consciousness; primordial energy
shaucha: physical & mental purity; one of the niyamas
shatkriya: sometimes referred to as shat karmas. The 6 cleansing actions of hatha yoga: neti, dhauti, basti, trataka, kapalabhati, & nauli
shiva: pure consciousness; auspiciousness; destroyer in the Hindu trinity; lord of yogis; the force of transcendence & transformation
shraddha: faith; trust in God; conviction; that which gives you peace, holds you safe and nourishes
siddhi: supernatural powers; perfections One who attains siddhis is known as a siddha, an accomplished one, an adept
sirshasana: headstand
skanda: son of Shiva, Ganesha's brother, also known as Karttikeya and Murugan
skandasana: posture of Skanda
supta konasana: supine angle posture
supta padangusthasana
supta padmasana: supine lotus posture
surya: sun
sushumna: one of the 3 major nadis; the most important nadi, the central channel located in the subtle body, often thought of as running along the length of the spine; the preferred pranic pathway of kundalini shakti
svadhyaya: sva is one's inmost self. Svadhyaya is self-study which includes scriptural study, examination of one's own experiences, japa & meditation; one of the niyamas

asanas beginning with t
tamas: the essence of heaviness; one of the three gunas
tantra: lit. system; to weave; to expand; to spread Yoga originated from tantra, though tantra is now quickly gaining prominence in the West, giving the impression that it is a recent development; this system includes the use of mantra, yantra, asana, pranayama, visualization, herbs; the philosophy of tantra is that everything & anything, if used in the proper context, with the proper technique, can be a tool for spiritual progress.
tapas: lit. heat, glow Usually translated as austerities or zeal, but refers to any yogic discipline that burns our karmas and makes us glow; technique that engenders transformation; one of the niyamas
trivikramasana: three strong steps pose
turiya: the fourth state of consciousness; the transcendental state of consciousness beyond waking, sleeping & dreaming.

back to the top

asanas beginning with u
ubhaya padangusthasana
upanishad: lit. to sit at the feet of a sage Scriptures that reveal their true essence only when studied at the feet of a realized master a collection of 108 scriptures that form the last part of the Vedas
upavishta konasana
upavishta konasana utplutih:
urdhva baddha konasana: upward bound angle posture
urdhva dandasana: upward staff posture
urdhva dhanurasana: upward bow posture
urdhva mukha padmasana
urdhva padmasana: upward lotus posture
ustrasana: camel posture
utthita swastikasana
utthita trikonasana

asanas beginning with v
vamadevasana: posture of Vamadeva
vasishthasana: posture of Vasishtha (one of the seven sages)
vaikhari: the grossest state of sound; the level of articulated words
vairagya: non-attachment; dispassion
vayu: wind, air; prana
veda: lit. knowledge; most ancient scriptures of humankind. Believed to be divinely revealed in its entirety to rishis deep in meditation. The 4 Vedas are Atharva, Yajur, Sama & Rig, comprising hundreds of hymns & thousands of mantras
vidya: knowledge the name of the goddess that embodies absolute truth
viparita garudasana
vishnu: the divine force of nourishment & preservation; the preserver in the Hindu trinity
viveka: discrimination
vritti: that which spins incessantly like a wheel; that which revolves; movement; thought waves; mental modifications

asanas beginning with y
yama: restraint, control; the 5 ethical codes of the Yoga Sutra aimed at establishing a yogic relationship between the yogi and the world: ahimsa, satya, asteya, brahmacharya & aparigraha hatha yoga pradipika lists ten: ahimsa, satya, asteya, brahmacharya, kshama, dhriti, daya, arjava, mitahara & shaucha
yantra: the geometric form of a mantra; a physical locus of divinity
yoga: union; state of perfect balance & harmony between thought, speech & action as well as body, mind & soul; the marriage of Shiva & Shakti and all its corresponding pairs of polarities: sun & moon, ida & pingala, active & passive, masculine & feminine, light & shade Yoga also refers to the system of practices that lead to aforementioned state of union one of the 6 systems of Vedic philosophy, the most practical of the Indian philosophies, based on Sankhya philosophy
yoga dandasana: yoga staff pose
yoga mudra: seal of yoga
yoni: lit. womb female genitals; perineum
yoni dandasana: staff on perineum posture
yuga: age, a division of time:the 1st Satya Yuga is the peak of humanity, and the last Kali Yuga, is the nadir; the 2nd Treta & 3rd Dvapara transition between these two, declining progressively

[ back to the top ]

mn: masculine noun

Last update November 8, 2012
More Sanskrit Words Coming!

| home | gallery | apps | videos | dictionary | sanskrit | practices | faq | about | contact |

Yoga XTC Facebook Yoga XTC Blog Yoga XTC YouTube Channel
Copyright © 2004 - 2013 Ranjani Powers & Leon Lim. All Rights Reserved.